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Source:Artifact.c

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Below is the full text to src/artifact.c from NetHack 3.4.3. To link to a particular line, write [[artifact.c#line123]], for example.

Top of file Edit

1.    /*	SCCS Id: @(#)artifact.c 3.4	2003/08/11	*/
2.    /* Copyright (c) Stichting Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam, 1985. */
3.    /* NetHack may be freely redistributed.  See license for details. */
4.    
The NetHack General Public License applies to screenshots, source code and other content from NetHack.
5.    #include "hack.h"
6.    #include "artifact.h"
7.    #ifdef OVLB
8.    #include "artilist.h"
9.    #else
10.   STATIC_DCL struct artifact artilist[];
11.   #endif
12.   /*
13.    * Note:  both artilist[] and artiexist[] have a dummy element #0,
14.    *	  so loops over them should normally start at #1.  The primary
15.    *	  exception is the save & restore code, which doesn't care about
16.    *	  the contents, just the total size.
17.    */
18.   
19.   extern boolean notonhead;	/* for long worms */
20.   
21.   #define get_artifact(o) \
22.   		(((o)&&(o)->oartifact) ? &artilist[(int) (o)->oartifact] : 0)
23.   
24.   STATIC_DCL int FDECL(spec_applies, (const struct artifact *,struct monst *));
25.   STATIC_DCL int FDECL(arti_invoke, (struct obj*));
26.   STATIC_DCL boolean FDECL(Mb_hit, (struct monst *magr,struct monst *mdef,
27.   				  struct obj *,int *,int,BOOLEAN_P,char *));
28.   
29.   /* The amount added to the victim's total hit points to insure that the
30.      victim will be killed even after damage bonus/penalty adjustments.
31.      Most such penalties are small, and 200 is plenty; the exception is
32.      half physical damage.  3.3.1 and previous versions tried to use a very
33.      large number to account for this case; now, we just compute the fatal
34.      damage by adding it to 2 times the total hit points instead of 1 time.
35.      Note: this will still break if they have more than about half the number
36.      of hit points that will fit in a 15 bit integer. */
37.   #define FATAL_DAMAGE_MODIFIER 200
38.   
39.   #ifndef OVLB
40.   STATIC_DCL int spec_dbon_applies;
41.   STATIC_DCL xchar artidisco[NROFARTIFACTS];
42.   #else	/* OVLB */
43.   /* coordinate effects from spec_dbon() with messages in artifact_hit() */
44.   STATIC_OVL int spec_dbon_applies = 0;
45.   
46.   /* flags including which artifacts have already been created */
47.   static boolean artiexist[1+NROFARTIFACTS+1];
48.   /* and a discovery list for them (no dummy first entry here) */
49.   STATIC_OVL xchar artidisco[NROFARTIFACTS];
50.   
51.   STATIC_DCL void NDECL(hack_artifacts);
52.   STATIC_DCL boolean FDECL(attacks, (int,struct obj *));
53.   

hack_artifacts Edit

54.   /* handle some special cases; must be called after u_init() */
55.   STATIC_OVL void
56.   hack_artifacts()
57.   {
58.   	struct artifact *art;
59.   	int alignmnt = aligns[flags.initalign].value;
60.   
61.   	/* Fix up the alignments of "gift" artifacts */
62.   	for (art = artilist+1; art->otyp; art++)
63.   	    if (art->role == Role_switch && art->alignment != A_NONE)
64.   		art->alignment = alignmnt;
65.   
66.   	/* Excalibur can be used by any lawful character, not just knights */
67.   	if (!Role_if(PM_KNIGHT))
68.   	    artilist[ART_EXCALIBUR].role = NON_PM;
69.   
70.   	/* Fix up the quest artifact */
71.   	if (urole.questarti) {
72.   	    artilist[urole.questarti].alignment = alignmnt;
73.   	    artilist[urole.questarti].role = Role_switch;
74.   	}
75.   	return;
76.   }
77.   

init_artifacts Edit

78.   /* zero out the artifact existence list */
79.   void
80.   init_artifacts()
81.   {
82.   	(void) memset((genericptr_t) artiexist, 0, sizeof artiexist);
83.   	(void) memset((genericptr_t) artidisco, 0, sizeof artidisco);
84.   	hack_artifacts();
85.   }
86.   

save_artifacts Edit

87.   void
88.   save_artifacts(fd)
89.   int fd;
90.   {
91.   	bwrite(fd, (genericptr_t) artiexist, sizeof artiexist);
92.   	bwrite(fd, (genericptr_t) artidisco, sizeof artidisco);
93.   }
94.   

restore_artifacts Edit

95.   void
96.   restore_artifacts(fd)
97.   int fd;
98.   {
99.   	mread(fd, (genericptr_t) artiexist, sizeof artiexist);
100.  	mread(fd, (genericptr_t) artidisco, sizeof artidisco);
101.  	hack_artifacts();	/* redo non-saved special cases */
102.  }
103.  

artiname Edit

104.  const char *
105.  artiname(artinum)
106.  int artinum;
107.  {
108.  	if (artinum <= 0 || artinum > NROFARTIFACTS) return("");
109.  	return(artilist[artinum].name);
110.  }
111.  

mk_artifact Edit

112.  /*
113.     Make an artifact.  If a specific alignment is specified, then an object of
114.     the appropriate alignment is created from scratch, or 0 is returned if
115.     none is available.  (If at least one aligned artifact has already been
116.     given, then unaligned ones also become eligible for this.)
117.     If no alignment is given, then 'otmp' is converted
118.     into an artifact of matching type, or returned as-is if that's not possible.
119.     For the 2nd case, caller should use ``obj = mk_artifact(obj, A_NONE);
120.     for the 1st, ``obj = mk_artifact((struct obj *)0, some_alignment);.
121.   */
122.  struct obj *
123.  mk_artifact(otmp, alignment)
124.  struct obj *otmp;	/* existing object; ignored if alignment specified */
125.  aligntyp alignment;	/* target alignment, or A_NONE */
126.  {
127.  	const struct artifact *a;
128.  	int n, m;
129.  	boolean by_align = (alignment != A_NONE);
130.  	short o_typ = (by_align || !otmp) ? 0 : otmp->otyp;
131.  	boolean unique = !by_align && otmp && objects[o_typ].oc_unique;
132.  	short eligible[NROFARTIFACTS];
133.  
134.  	/* gather eligible artifacts */
135.  	for (n = 0, a = artilist+1, m = 1; a->otyp; a++, m++)
136.  	    if ((!by_align ? a->otyp == o_typ :
137.  		    (a->alignment == alignment ||
138.  			(a->alignment == A_NONE && u.ugifts > 0))) &&
139.  		(!(a->spfx & SPFX_NOGEN) || unique) && !artiexist[m]) {
140.  		if (by_align && a->race != NON_PM && race_hostile(&mons[a->race]))
141.  		    continue;	/* skip enemies' equipment */
142.  		else if (by_align && Role_if(a->role))
143.  		    goto make_artif;	/* 'a' points to the desired one */
144.  		else
145.  		    eligible[n++] = m;
146.  	    }
147.  
148.  	if (n) {		/* found at least one candidate */
149.  	    m = eligible[rn2(n)];	/* [0..n-1] */
150.  	    a = &artilist[m];
151.  
152.  	    /* make an appropriate object if necessary, then christen it */
153.  make_artif: if (by_align) otmp = mksobj((int)a->otyp, TRUE, FALSE);
154.  	    otmp = oname(otmp, a->name);
155.  	    otmp->oartifact = m;
156.  	    artiexist[m] = TRUE;
157.  	} else {
158.  	    /* nothing appropriate could be found; return the original object */
159.  	    if (by_align) otmp = 0;	/* (there was no original object) */
160.  	}
161.  	return otmp;
162.  }
163.  

artifact_name Edit

164.  /*
165.   * Returns the full name (with articles and correct capitalization) of an
166.   * artifact named "name" if one exists, or NULL, it not.
167.   * The given name must be rather close to the real name for it to match.
168.   * The object type of the artifact is returned in otyp if the return value
169.   * is non-NULL.
170.   */
171.  const char*
172.  artifact_name(name, otyp)
173.  const char *name;
174.  short *otyp;
175.  {
176.      register const struct artifact *a;
177.      register const char *aname;
178.  
179.      if(!strncmpi(name, "the ", 4)) name += 4;
180.  
181.      for (a = artilist+1; a->otyp; a++) {
182.  	aname = a->name;
183.  	if(!strncmpi(aname, "the ", 4)) aname += 4;
184.  	if(!strcmpi(name, aname)) {
185.  	    *otyp = a->otyp;
186.  	    return a->name;
187.  	}
188.      }
189.  
190.      return (char *)0;
191.  }
192.  

exist_artifact Edit

A boolean test to see if an artifact with the same name and type already exists in-game. This is used to prevent the player from making multiple Stings, dipping for multiple Excaliburs, or getting another Stormbringer or Vorpal Blade when crowned.

193.  boolean
194.  exist_artifact(otyp, name)
195.  register int otyp;
196.  register const char *name;
197.  {
198.  	register const struct artifact *a;
199.  	register boolean *arex;
200.  
201.  	if (otyp && *name)
202.  	    for (a = artilist+1,arex = artiexist+1; a->otyp; a++,arex++)
203.  		if ((int) a->otyp == otyp && !strcmp(a->name, name))
204.  		    return *arex;
205.  	return FALSE;
206.  }
207.  

artifact_exists Edit

208.  void
209.  artifact_exists(otmp, name, mod)
210.  register struct obj *otmp;
211.  register const char *name;
212.  register boolean mod;
213.  {
214.  	register const struct artifact *a;
215.  
216.  	if (otmp && *name)
217.  	    for (a = artilist+1; a->otyp; a++)
218.  		if (a->otyp == otmp->otyp && !strcmp(a->name, name)) {
219.  		    register int m = a - artilist;
220.  		    otmp->oartifact = (char)(mod ? m : 0);
221.  		    otmp->age = 0;
222.  		    if(otmp->otyp == RIN_INCREASE_DAMAGE)
223.  			otmp->spe = 0;
224.  		    artiexist[m] = mod;
225.  		    break;
226.  		}
227.  	return;
228.  }
229.  

nartifact_exist Edit

230.  int
231.  nartifact_exist()
232.  {
233.      int a = 0;
234.      int n = SIZE(artiexist);
235.  
236.      while(n > 1)
237.  	if(artiexist[--n]) a++;
238.  
239.      return a;
240.  }
241.  #endif /* OVLB */
242.  #ifdef OVL0
243.  

spec_ability Edit

244.  boolean
245.  spec_ability(otmp, abil)
246.  struct obj *otmp;
247.  unsigned long abil;
248.  {
249.  	const struct artifact *arti = get_artifact(otmp);
250.  
251.  	return((boolean)(arti && (arti->spfx & abil)));
252.  }
253.  

confers_luck Edit

254.  /* used so that callers don't need to known about SPFX_ codes */
255.  boolean
256.  confers_luck(obj)
257.  struct obj *obj;
258.  {
259.      /* might as well check for this too */
260.      if (obj->otyp == LUCKSTONE) return TRUE;
261.  
262.      return (obj->oartifact && spec_ability(obj, SPFX_LUCK));
263.  }
264.  

arti_reflects Edit

265.  /* used to check whether a monster is getting reflection from an artifact */
266.  boolean
267.  arti_reflects(obj)
268.  struct obj *obj;
269.  {
270.      const struct artifact *arti = get_artifact(obj);
271.  
272.      if (arti) {      
273.  	/* while being worn */
274.  	if ((obj->owornmask & ~W_ART) && (arti->spfx & SPFX_REFLECT))
275.  	    return TRUE;
276.  	/* just being carried */
277.  	if (arti->cspfx & SPFX_REFLECT) return TRUE;
278.      }
279.      return FALSE;
280.  }
281.  
282.  #endif /* OVL0 */

restrict_name Edit

restrict_name returns TRUE if the given name and object-type correspond to an artifact. For example, a long sword and "Fire Brand" or "Demonbane" will return TRUE, while the same sword and "Stormbringer" will return FALSE.

This is one of the two functions behind the artifact naming bug. The other is do_oname.

283.  #ifdef OVLB
284.  
285.  boolean
286.  restrict_name(otmp, name)  /* returns 1 if name is restricted for otmp->otyp */
287.  register struct obj *otmp;
288.  register const char *name;
289.  {
290.  	register const struct artifact *a;
291.  	register const char *aname;
292.  
293.  	if (!*name) return FALSE;
294.  	if (!strncmpi(name, "the ", 4)) name += 4;
295.  
296.  		/* Since almost every artifact is SPFX_RESTR, it doesn't cost
297.  		   us much to do the string comparison before the spfx check.
298.  		   Bug fix:  don't name multiple elven daggers "Sting".
299.  		 */
300.  	for (a = artilist+1; a->otyp; a++) {
301.  	    if (a->otyp != otmp->otyp) continue;
302.  	    aname = a->name;
303.  	    if (!strncmpi(aname, "the ", 4)) aname += 4;
304.  	    if (!strcmp(aname, name))
305.  		return ((boolean)((a->spfx & (SPFX_NOGEN|SPFX_RESTR)) != 0 ||
306.  			otmp->quan > 1L));
307.  	}
308.  
309.  	return FALSE;
310.  }
311.  

attacks Edit

312.  STATIC_OVL boolean
313.  attacks(adtyp, otmp)
314.  register int adtyp;
315.  register struct obj *otmp;
316.  {
317.  	register const struct artifact *weap;
318.  
319.  	if ((weap = get_artifact(otmp)) != 0)
320.  		return((boolean)(weap->attk.adtyp == adtyp));
321.  	return FALSE;
322.  }
323.  

defends Edit

324.  boolean
325.  defends(adtyp, otmp)
326.  register int adtyp;
327.  register struct obj *otmp;
328.  {
329.  	register const struct artifact *weap;
330.  
331.  	if ((weap = get_artifact(otmp)) != 0)
332.  		return((boolean)(weap->defn.adtyp == adtyp));
333.  	return FALSE;
334.  }
335.  

protects Edit

336.  /* used for monsters */
337.  boolean
338.  protects(adtyp, otmp)
339.  int adtyp;
340.  struct obj *otmp;
341.  {
342.  	register const struct artifact *weap;
343.  
344.  	if ((weap = get_artifact(otmp)) != 0)
345.  		return (boolean)(weap->cary.adtyp == adtyp);
346.  	return FALSE;
347.  }
348.  

set_artifact_intrinsic Edit

349.  /*
350.   * a potential artifact has just been worn/wielded/picked-up or
351.   * unworn/unwielded/dropped.  Pickup/drop only set/reset the W_ART mask.
352.   */
353.  void
354.  set_artifact_intrinsic(otmp,on,wp_mask)
355.  register struct obj *otmp;
356.  boolean on;
357.  long wp_mask;
358.  {
359.  	long *mask = 0;
360.  	register const struct artifact *oart = get_artifact(otmp);
361.  	uchar dtyp;
362.  	long spfx;
363.  
364.  	if (!oart) return;
365.  
366.  	/* effects from the defn field */
367.  	dtyp = (wp_mask != W_ART) ? oart->defn.adtyp : oart->cary.adtyp;
368.  
369.  	if (dtyp == AD_FIRE)
370.  	    mask = &EFire_resistance;
371.  	else if (dtyp == AD_COLD)
372.  	    mask = &ECold_resistance;
373.  	else if (dtyp == AD_ELEC)
374.  	    mask = &EShock_resistance;
375.  	else if (dtyp == AD_MAGM)
376.  	    mask = &EAntimagic;
377.  	else if (dtyp == AD_DISN)
378.  	    mask = &EDisint_resistance;
379.  	else if (dtyp == AD_DRST)
380.  	    mask = &EPoison_resistance;
381.  
382.  	if (mask && wp_mask == W_ART && !on) {
383.  	    /* find out if some other artifact also confers this intrinsic */
384.  	    /* if so, leave the mask alone */
385.  	    register struct obj* obj;
386.  	    for(obj = invent; obj; obj = obj->nobj)
387.  		if(obj != otmp && obj->oartifact) {
388.  		    register const struct artifact *art = get_artifact(obj);
389.  		    if(art->cary.adtyp == dtyp) {
390.  			mask = (long *) 0;
391.  			break;
392.  		    }
393.  		}
394.  	}
395.  	if (mask) {
396.  	    if (on) *mask |= wp_mask;
397.  	    else *mask &= ~wp_mask;
398.  	}
399.  
400.  	/* intrinsics from the spfx field; there could be more than one */
401.  	spfx = (wp_mask != W_ART) ? oart->spfx : oart->cspfx;
402.  	if(spfx && wp_mask == W_ART && !on) {
403.  	    /* don't change any spfx also conferred by other artifacts */
404.  	    register struct obj* obj;
405.  	    for(obj = invent; obj; obj = obj->nobj)
406.  		if(obj != otmp && obj->oartifact) {
407.  		    register const struct artifact *art = get_artifact(obj);
408.  		    spfx &= ~art->cspfx;
409.  		}
410.  	}
411.  
412.  	if (spfx & SPFX_SEARCH) {
413.  	    if(on) ESearching |= wp_mask;
414.  	    else ESearching &= ~wp_mask;
415.  	}
416.  	if (spfx & SPFX_HALRES) {
417.  	    /* make_hallucinated must (re)set the mask itself to get
418.  	     * the display right */
419.  	    /* restoring needed because this is the only artifact intrinsic
420.  	     * that can print a message--need to guard against being printed
421.  	     * when restoring a game
422.  	     */
423.  	    (void) make_hallucinated((long)!on, restoring ? FALSE : TRUE, wp_mask);
424.  	}
425.  	if (spfx & SPFX_ESP) {
426.  	    if(on) ETelepat |= wp_mask;
427.  	    else ETelepat &= ~wp_mask;
428.  	    see_monsters();
429.  	}
430.  	if (spfx & SPFX_STLTH) {
431.  	    if (on) EStealth |= wp_mask;
432.  	    else EStealth &= ~wp_mask;
433.  	}
434.  	if (spfx & SPFX_REGEN) {
435.  	    if (on) ERegeneration |= wp_mask;
436.  	    else ERegeneration &= ~wp_mask;
437.  	}
438.  	if (spfx & SPFX_TCTRL) {
439.  	    if (on) ETeleport_control |= wp_mask;
440.  	    else ETeleport_control &= ~wp_mask;
441.  	}
442.  	if (spfx & SPFX_WARN) {
443.  	    if (spec_m2(otmp)) {
444.  	    	if (on) {
445.  			EWarn_of_mon |= wp_mask;
446.  			flags.warntype |= spec_m2(otmp);
447.  	    	} else {
448.  			EWarn_of_mon &= ~wp_mask;
449.  	    		flags.warntype &= ~spec_m2(otmp);
450.  		}
451.  		see_monsters();
452.  	    } else {
453.  		if (on) EWarning |= wp_mask;
454.  	    	else EWarning &= ~wp_mask;
455.  	    }
456.  	}
457.  	if (spfx & SPFX_EREGEN) {
458.  	    if (on) EEnergy_regeneration |= wp_mask;
459.  	    else EEnergy_regeneration &= ~wp_mask;
460.  	}
461.  	if (spfx & SPFX_HSPDAM) {
462.  	    if (on) EHalf_spell_damage |= wp_mask;
463.  	    else EHalf_spell_damage &= ~wp_mask;
464.  	}
465.  	if (spfx & SPFX_HPHDAM) {
466.  	    if (on) EHalf_physical_damage |= wp_mask;
467.  	    else EHalf_physical_damage &= ~wp_mask;
468.  	}
469.  	if (spfx & SPFX_XRAY) {
470.  	    /* this assumes that no one else is using xray_range */
471.  	    if (on) u.xray_range = 3;
472.  	    else u.xray_range = -1;
473.  	    vision_full_recalc = 1;
474.  	}
475.  	if ((spfx & SPFX_REFLECT) && (wp_mask & W_WEP)) {
476.  	    if (on) EReflecting |= wp_mask;
477.  	    else EReflecting &= ~wp_mask;
478.  	}
479.  
480.  	if(wp_mask == W_ART && !on && oart->inv_prop) {
481.  	    /* might have to turn off invoked power too */
482.  	    if (oart->inv_prop <= LAST_PROP &&
483.  		(u.uprops[oart->inv_prop].extrinsic & W_ARTI))
484.  		(void) arti_invoke(otmp);
485.  	}
486.  }
487.  

touch_artifact Edit

488.  /*
489.   * creature (usually player) tries to touch (pick up or wield) an artifact obj.
490.   * Returns 0 if the object refuses to be touched.
491.   * This routine does not change any object chains.
492.   * Ignores such things as gauntlets, assuming the artifact is not
493.   * fooled by such trappings.
494.   */
495.  int
496.  touch_artifact(obj,mon)
497.      struct obj *obj;
498.      struct monst *mon;
499.  {
500.      register const struct artifact *oart = get_artifact(obj);
501.      boolean badclass, badalign, self_willed, yours;
502.  
503.      if(!oart) return 1;
504.  
505.      yours = (mon == &youmonst);
506.      /* all quest artifacts are self-willed; it this ever changes, `badclass'
507.         will have to be extended to explicitly include quest artifacts */
508.      self_willed = ((oart->spfx & SPFX_INTEL) != 0);
509.      if (yours) {
510.  	badclass = self_willed &&
511.  		   ((oart->role != NON_PM && !Role_if(oart->role)) ||
512.  		    (oart->race != NON_PM && !Race_if(oart->race)));
513.  	badalign = (oart->spfx & SPFX_RESTR) && oart->alignment != A_NONE &&
514.  		   (oart->alignment != u.ualign.type || u.ualign.record < 0);
515.      } else if (!is_covetous(mon->data) && !is_mplayer(mon->data)) {
516.  	badclass = self_willed &&
517.  		   oart->role != NON_PM && oart != &artilist[ART_EXCALIBUR];
518.  	badalign = (oart->spfx & SPFX_RESTR) && oart->alignment != A_NONE &&
519.  		   (oart->alignment != sgn(mon->data->maligntyp));
520.      } else {    /* an M3_WANTSxxx monster or a fake player */
521.  	/* special monsters trying to take the Amulet, invocation tools or
522.  	   quest item can touch anything except for `spec_applies' artifacts */
523.  	badclass = badalign = FALSE;
524.      }
525.      /* weapons which attack specific categories of monsters are
526.         bad for them even if their alignments happen to match */
527.      if (!badalign && (oart->spfx & SPFX_DBONUS) != 0) {
528.  	struct artifact tmp;
529.  
530.  	tmp = *oart;
531.  	tmp.spfx &= SPFX_DBONUS;
532.  	badalign = !!spec_applies(&tmp, mon);
533.      }
534.  
535.      if (((badclass || badalign) && self_willed) ||
536.         (badalign && (!yours || !rn2(4))))  {
537.  	int dmg;
538.  	char buf[BUFSZ];
539.  
540.  	if (!yours) return 0;
541.  	You("are blasted by %s power!", s_suffix(the(xname(obj))));
542.  	dmg = d((Antimagic ? 2 : 4), (self_willed ? 10 : 4));
543.  	Sprintf(buf, "touching %s", oart->name);
544.  	losehp(dmg, buf, KILLED_BY);
545.  	exercise(A_WIS, FALSE);
546.      }
547.  
548.      /* can pick it up unless you're totally non-synch'd with the artifact */
549.      if (badclass && badalign && self_willed) {
550.  	if (yours) pline("%s your grasp!", Tobjnam(obj, "evade"));
551.  	return 0;
552.      }
553.  
554.      return 1;
555.  }
556.  
557.  #endif /* OVLB */

spec_applies Edit

This function is used to determine whether the artifact's to-hit and damage bonuses apply to the given target monster (which might be you).

It is used by #spec_abon, #spec_dbon to determine whether to grant their respective bonuses.

It is also called by #touch_artifact, to see if the artifact hates your race. In this case, the artifact's spfx is ANDed with SPFX_DBONUS before calling, so that other factors (like resistances) are not erroneously considered.

First, if the artifact doesn't hate any type of monster, and its attack bonus is physical (rather than elemental), the bonus always applies.

Next, the function checks if the artifact hates some particular monster, monster class, monster flag, or target alignment. If it does, the bonus is only applied if the target is appropriate.

Finally, if none of the above are true, (and the weapon has SPFX_ATTK, which is true for all artifacts with elemental damage bonuses), the function checks if the target resists the element type of the attack. If the target does not have the appropriate resistance, the bonus applies.

558.  #ifdef OVL1
559.  
560.  /* decide whether an artifact's special attacks apply against mtmp */
561.  STATIC_OVL int
562.  spec_applies(weap, mtmp)
563.  register const struct artifact *weap;
564.  struct monst *mtmp;
565.  {
566.  	struct permonst *ptr;
567.  	boolean yours;
568.  
569.  	if(!(weap->spfx & (SPFX_DBONUS | SPFX_ATTK)))
570.  	    return(weap->attk.adtyp == AD_PHYS);
571.  
572.  	yours = (mtmp == &youmonst);
573.  	ptr = mtmp->data;
574.  
575.  	if (weap->spfx & SPFX_DMONS) {
576.  	    return (ptr == &mons[(int)weap->mtype]);
577.  	} else if (weap->spfx & SPFX_DCLAS) {
578.  	    return (weap->mtype == (unsigned long)ptr->mlet);
579.  	} else if (weap->spfx & SPFX_DFLAG1) {
580.  	    return ((ptr->mflags1 & weap->mtype) != 0L);
581.  	} else if (weap->spfx & SPFX_DFLAG2) {
582.  	    return ((ptr->mflags2 & weap->mtype) || (yours &&
583.  			((!Upolyd && (urace.selfmask & weap->mtype)) ||
584.  			 ((weap->mtype & M2_WERE) && u.ulycn >= LOW_PM))));
585.  	} else if (weap->spfx & SPFX_DALIGN) {
586.  	    return yours ? (u.ualign.type != weap->alignment) :
587.  			   (ptr->maligntyp == A_NONE ||
588.  				sgn(ptr->maligntyp) != weap->alignment);
589.  	} else if (weap->spfx & SPFX_ATTK) {
590.  	    struct obj *defending_weapon = (yours ? uwep : MON_WEP(mtmp));
591.  
592.  	    if (defending_weapon && defending_weapon->oartifact &&
593.  		    defends((int)weap->attk.adtyp, defending_weapon))
594.  		return FALSE;
595.  	    switch(weap->attk.adtyp) {
596.  		case AD_FIRE:
597.  			return !(yours ? Fire_resistance : resists_fire(mtmp));
598.  		case AD_COLD:
599.  			return !(yours ? Cold_resistance : resists_cold(mtmp));
600.  		case AD_ELEC:
601.  			return !(yours ? Shock_resistance : resists_elec(mtmp));
602.  		case AD_MAGM:
603.  		case AD_STUN:
604.  			return !(yours ? Antimagic : (rn2(100) < ptr->mr));
605.  		case AD_DRST:
606.  			return !(yours ? Poison_resistance : resists_poison(mtmp));
607.  		case AD_DRLI:
608.  			return !(yours ? Drain_resistance : resists_drli(mtmp));
609.  		case AD_STON:
610.  			return !(yours ? Stone_resistance : resists_ston(mtmp));
611.  		default:	impossible("Weird weapon special attack.");
612.  	    }
613.  	}
614.  	return(0);
615.  }
616.  

spec_m2 Edit

617.  /* return the M2 flags of monster that an artifact's special attacks apply against */
618.  long
619.  spec_m2(otmp)
620.  struct obj *otmp;
621.  {
622.  	register const struct artifact *artifact = get_artifact(otmp);
623.  	if (artifact)
624.  		return artifact->mtype;
625.  	return 0L;
626.  }
627.  

spec_abon Edit

628.  /* special attack bonus */
629.  int
630.  spec_abon(otmp, mon)
631.  struct obj *otmp;
632.  struct monst *mon;
633.  {
634.  	register const struct artifact *weap = get_artifact(otmp);
635.  
636.  	/* no need for an extra check for `NO_ATTK' because this will
637.  	   always return 0 for any artifact which has that attribute */
638.  
639.  	if (weap && weap->attk.damn && spec_applies(weap, mon))
640.  	    return rnd((int)weap->attk.damn);
641.  	return 0;
642.  }
643.  

spec_dbon Edit

Calculates the additional damage caused by an artifact.

First, if the weapon has no damage bonus, then no additional damage is applied.

Next, the function checks if the artifact's special damage applies to the target monster. If it does not, there is no damage bonus.

Finally, the actual bonus is computed. If the artifact's attk contains a non-zero damage value, then a random amount between 1 and that value is applied. Otherwise (i.e. the damage value is 0), tmp is applied. Since tmp should be the result of the weapon's base damage roll, this has the effect of dealing double damage. This is how artifacts such as Grayswandir, Frost Brand, and the Banes get their double-damage property.

644.  /* special damage bonus */
645.  int
646.  spec_dbon(otmp, mon, tmp)
647.  struct obj *otmp;
648.  struct monst *mon;
649.  int tmp;
650.  {
651.  	register const struct artifact *weap = get_artifact(otmp);
652.  
653.  	if (!weap || (weap->attk.adtyp == AD_PHYS && /* check for `NO_ATTK' */
654.  			weap->attk.damn == 0 && weap->attk.damd == 0))
655.  	    spec_dbon_applies = FALSE;
656.  	else
657.  	    spec_dbon_applies = spec_applies(weap, mon);
658.  
659.  	if (spec_dbon_applies)
660.  	    return weap->attk.damd ? rnd((int)weap->attk.damd) : max(tmp,1);
661.  	return 0;
662.  }
663.  

discover_artifact Edit

664.  /* add identified artifact to discoveries list */
665.  void
666.  discover_artifact(m)
667.  xchar m;
668.  {
669.      int i;
670.  
671.      /* look for this artifact in the discoveries list;
672.         if we hit an empty slot then it's not present, so add it */
673.      for (i = 0; i < NROFARTIFACTS; i++)
674.  	if (artidisco[i] == 0 || artidisco[i] == m) {
675.  	    artidisco[i] = m;
676.  	    return;
677.  	}
678.      /* there is one slot per artifact, so we should never reach the
679.         end without either finding the artifact or an empty slot... */
680.      impossible("couldn't discover artifact (%d)", (int)m);
681.  }
682.  

undiscovered_artifact Edit

683.  /* used to decide whether an artifact has been fully identified */
684.  boolean
685.  undiscovered_artifact(m)
686.  xchar m;
687.  {
688.      int i;
689.  
690.      /* look for this artifact in the discoveries list;
691.         if we hit an empty slot then it's undiscovered */
692.      for (i = 0; i < NROFARTIFACTS; i++)
693.  	if (artidisco[i] == m)
694.  	    return FALSE;
695.  	else if (artidisco[i] == 0)
696.  	    break;
697.      return TRUE;
698.  }
699.  

disp_artifact_discoveries Edit

700.  /* display a list of discovered artifacts; return their count */
701.  int
702.  disp_artifact_discoveries(tmpwin)
703.  winid tmpwin;		/* supplied by dodiscover() */
704.  {
705.      int i, m, otyp;
706.      char buf[BUFSZ];
707.  
708.      for (i = 0; i < NROFARTIFACTS; i++) {
709.  	if (artidisco[i] == 0) break;	/* empty slot implies end of list */
710.  	if (i == 0) putstr(tmpwin, iflags.menu_headings, "Artifacts");
711.  	m = artidisco[i];
712.  	otyp = artilist[m].otyp;
713.  	Sprintf(buf, "  %s [%s %s]", artiname(m),
714.  		align_str(artilist[m].alignment), simple_typename(otyp));
715.  	putstr(tmpwin, 0, buf);
716.      }
717.      return i;
718.  }
719.  
720.  #endif /* OVL1 */
721.  

Mb_hit Edit

The Mb_hit function controls the special effects of Magicbane.

722.  #ifdef OVLB
723.  
724.  
725.  	/*
726.  	 * Magicbane's intrinsic magic is incompatible with normal
727.  	 * enchantment magic.  Thus, its effects have a negative
728.  	 * dependence on spe.  Against low mr victims, it typically
729.  	 * does "double athame" damage, 2d4.  Occasionally, it will
730.  	 * cast unbalancing magic which effectively averages out to
731.  	 * 4d4 damage (3d4 against high mr victims), for spe = 0.
732.  	 *
733.  	 * Prior to 3.4.1, the cancel (aka purge) effect always
734.  	 * included the scare effect too; now it's one or the other.
735.  	 * Likewise, the stun effect won't be combined with either
736.  	 * of those two; it will be chosen separately or possibly
737.  	 * used as a fallback when scare or cancel fails.
738.  	 *
739.  	 * [Historical note: a change to artifact_hit() for 3.4.0
740.  	 * unintentionally made all of Magicbane's special effects
741.  	 * be blocked if the defender successfully saved against a
742.  	 * stun attack.  As of 3.4.1, those effects can occur but
743.  	 * will be slightly less likely than they were in 3.3.x.]
744.  	 */
745.  #define MB_MAX_DIEROLL		8	/* rolls above this aren't magical */
746.  static const char * const mb_verb[2][4] = {
747.  	{ "probe", "stun", "scare", "cancel" },
748.  	{ "prod", "amaze", "tickle", "purge" },
749.  };
750.  #define MB_INDEX_PROBE		0
751.  #define MB_INDEX_STUN		1
752.  #define MB_INDEX_SCARE		2
753.  #define MB_INDEX_CANCEL		3
754.  

Several constant definitions precede the Mb_hit function code.

755.  /* called when someone is being hit by Magicbane */
756.  STATIC_OVL boolean
757.  Mb_hit(magr, mdef, mb, dmgptr, dieroll, vis, hittee)
758.  struct monst *magr, *mdef;	/* attacker and defender */
759.  struct obj *mb;			/* Magicbane */
760.  int *dmgptr;			/* extra damage target will suffer */
761.  int dieroll;			/* d20 that has already scored a hit */
762.  boolean vis;			/* whether the action can be seen */
763.  char *hittee;			/* target's name: "you" or mon_nam(mdef) */
764.  {
765.      struct permonst *old_uasmon;
766.      const char *verb;
767.      boolean youattack = (magr == &youmonst),
768.  	    youdefend = (mdef == &youmonst),
769.  	    resisted = FALSE, do_stun, do_confuse, result;
770.      int attack_indx, scare_dieroll = MB_MAX_DIEROLL / 2;
771.  
772.      result = FALSE;		/* no message given yet */
773.      /* the most severe effects are less likely at higher enchantment */
774.      if (mb->spe >= 3)
775.  	scare_dieroll /= (1 << (mb->spe / 3));
776.      /* if target successfully resisted the artifact damage bonus,
777.         reduce overall likelihood of the assorted special effects */
778.      if (!spec_dbon_applies) dieroll += 1;
779.  
780.      /* might stun even when attempting a more severe effect, but
781.         in that case it will only happen if the other effect fails;
782.         extra damage will apply regardless; 3.4.1: sometimes might
783.         just probe even when it hasn't been enchanted */
784.      do_stun = (max(mb->spe,0) < rn2(spec_dbon_applies ? 11 : 7));
785.  
786.      /* the special effects also boost physical damage; increments are
787.         generally cumulative, but since the stun effect is based on a
788.         different criterium its damage might not be included; the base
789.         damage is either 1d4 (athame) or 2d4 (athame+spec_dbon) depending
790.         on target's resistance check against AD_STUN (handled by caller)
791.         [note that a successful save against AD_STUN doesn't actually
792.         prevent the target from ending up stunned] */
793.      attack_indx = MB_INDEX_PROBE;
794.      *dmgptr += rnd(4);			/* (2..3)d4 */
795.      if (do_stun) {
796.  	attack_indx = MB_INDEX_STUN;
797.  	*dmgptr += rnd(4);		/* (3..4)d4 */
798.      }
799.      if (dieroll <= scare_dieroll) {
800.  	attack_indx = MB_INDEX_SCARE;
801.  	*dmgptr += rnd(4);		/* (3..5)d4 */
802.      }
803.      if (dieroll <= (scare_dieroll / 2)) {
804.  	attack_indx = MB_INDEX_CANCEL;
805.  	*dmgptr += rnd(4);		/* (4..6)d4 */
806.      }
807.  
808.      /* give the hit message prior to inflicting the effects */
809.      verb = mb_verb[!!Hallucination][attack_indx];
810.      if (youattack || youdefend || vis) {
811.  	result = TRUE;
812.  	pline_The("magic-absorbing blade %s %s!",
813.  		  vtense((const char *)0, verb), hittee);
814.  	/* assume probing has some sort of noticeable feedback
815.  	   even if it is being done by one monster to another */
816.  	if (attack_indx == MB_INDEX_PROBE && !canspotmon(mdef))
817.  	    map_invisible(mdef->mx, mdef->my);
818.      }
819.  
820.      /* now perform special effects */
821.      switch (attack_indx) {
822.      case MB_INDEX_CANCEL:
823.  	old_uasmon = youmonst.data;
824.  	/* No mdef->mcan check: even a cancelled monster can be polymorphed
825.  	 * into a golem, and the "cancel" effect acts as if some magical
826.  	 * energy remains in spellcasting defenders to be absorbed later.
827.  	 */
828.  	if (!cancel_monst(mdef, mb, youattack, FALSE, FALSE)) {
829.  	    resisted = TRUE;
830.  	} else {
831.  	    do_stun = FALSE;
832.  	    if (youdefend) {
833.  		if (youmonst.data != old_uasmon)
834.  		    *dmgptr = 0;    /* rehumanized, so no more damage */
835.  		if (u.uenmax > 0) {
836.  		    You("lose magical energy!");
837.  		    u.uenmax--;
838.  		    if (u.uen > 0) u.uen--;
839.  		    flags.botl = 1;
840.  		}
841.  	    } else {
842.  		if (mdef->data == &mons[PM_CLAY_GOLEM])
843.  		    mdef->mhp = 1;	/* cancelled clay golems will die */
844.  		if (youattack && attacktype(mdef->data, AT_MAGC)) {
845.  		    You("absorb magical energy!");
846.  		    u.uenmax++;
847.  		    u.uen++;
848.  		    flags.botl = 1;
849.  		}
850.  	    }
851.  	}
852.  	break;
853.  
854.      case MB_INDEX_SCARE:
855.  	if (youdefend) {
856.  	    if (Antimagic) {
857.  		resisted = TRUE;
858.  	    } else {
859.  		nomul(-3);
860.  		nomovemsg = "";
861.  		if (magr && magr == u.ustuck && sticks(youmonst.data)) {
862.  		    u.ustuck = (struct monst *)0;
863.  		    You("release %s!", mon_nam(magr));
864.  		}
865.  	    }
866.  	} else {
867.  	    if (rn2(2) && resist(mdef, WEAPON_CLASS, 0, NOTELL))
868.  		resisted = TRUE;
869.  	    else
870.  		monflee(mdef, 3, FALSE, (mdef->mhp > *dmgptr));
871.  	}
872.  	if (!resisted) do_stun = FALSE;
873.  	break;
874.  
875.      case MB_INDEX_STUN:
876.  	do_stun = TRUE;		/* (this is redundant...) */
877.  	break;
878.  
879.      case MB_INDEX_PROBE:
880.  	if (youattack && (mb->spe == 0 || !rn2(3 * abs(mb->spe)))) {
881.  	    pline_The("%s is insightful.", verb);
882.  	    /* pre-damage status */
883.  	    probe_monster(mdef);
884.  	}
885.  	break;
886.      }
887.      /* stun if that was selected and a worse effect didn't occur */
888.      if (do_stun) {
889.  	if (youdefend)
890.  	    make_stunned((HStun + 3), FALSE);
891.  	else
892.  	    mdef->mstun = 1;
893.  	/* avoid extra stun message below if we used mb_verb["stun"] above */
894.  	if (attack_indx == MB_INDEX_STUN) do_stun = FALSE;
895.      }
896.      /* lastly, all this magic can be confusing... */
897.      do_confuse = !rn2(12);
898.      if (do_confuse) {
899.  	if (youdefend)
900.  	    make_confused(HConfusion + 4, FALSE);
901.  	else
902.  	    mdef->mconf = 1;
903.      }
904.  
905.      if (youattack || youdefend || vis) {
906.  	(void) upstart(hittee);	/* capitalize */
907.  	if (resisted) {
908.  	    pline("%s %s!", hittee, vtense(hittee, "resist"));
909.  	    shieldeff(youdefend ? u.ux : mdef->mx,
910.  		      youdefend ? u.uy : mdef->my);
911.  	}
912.  	if ((do_stun || do_confuse) && flags.verbose) {
913.  	    char buf[BUFSZ];
914.  
915.  	    buf[0] = '\0';
916.  	    if (do_stun) Strcat(buf, "stunned");
917.  	    if (do_stun && do_confuse) Strcat(buf, " and ");
918.  	    if (do_confuse) Strcat(buf, "confused");
919.  	    pline("%s %s %s%c", hittee, vtense(hittee, "are"),
920.  		  buf, (do_stun && do_confuse) ? '!' : '.');
921.  	}
922.      }
923.  
924.      return result;
925.  }
926.    

artifact_hit Edit

927.  /* Function used when someone attacks someone else with an artifact
928.   * weapon.  Only adds the special (artifact) damage, and returns a 1 if it
929.   * did something special (in which case the caller won't print the normal
930.   * hit message).  This should be called once upon every artifact attack;
931.   * dmgval() no longer takes artifact bonuses into account.  Possible
932.   * extension: change the killer so that when an orc kills you with
933.   * Stormbringer it's "killed by Stormbringer" instead of "killed by an orc".
934.   */
935.  boolean
936.  artifact_hit(magr, mdef, otmp, dmgptr, dieroll)
937.  struct monst *magr, *mdef;
938.  struct obj *otmp;
939.  int *dmgptr;
940.  int dieroll; /* needed for Magicbane and vorpal blades */
941.  {
942.  	boolean youattack = (magr == &youmonst);
943.  	boolean youdefend = (mdef == &youmonst);
944.  	boolean vis = (!youattack && magr && cansee(magr->mx, magr->my))
945.  	    || (!youdefend && cansee(mdef->mx, mdef->my))
946.  	    || (youattack && u.uswallow && mdef == u.ustuck && !Blind);
947.  	boolean realizes_damage;
948.  	const char *wepdesc;
949.  	static const char you[] = "you";
950.  	char hittee[BUFSZ];
951.  
952.  	Strcpy(hittee, youdefend ? you : mon_nam(mdef));
953.  
954.  	/* The following takes care of most of the damage, but not all--
955.  	 * the exception being for level draining, which is specially
956.  	 * handled.  Messages are done in this function, however.
957.  	 */
958.  	*dmgptr += spec_dbon(otmp, mdef, *dmgptr);
959.  
960.  	if (youattack && youdefend) {
961.  	    impossible("attacking yourself with weapon?");
962.  	    return FALSE;
963.  	}
964.  
965.  	realizes_damage = (youdefend || vis || 
966.  			   /* feel the effect even if not seen */
967.  			   (youattack && mdef == u.ustuck));
968.  
969.  	/* the four basic attacks: fire, cold, shock and missiles */
970.  	if (attacks(AD_FIRE, otmp)) {
971.  	    if (realizes_damage)
972.  		pline_The("fiery blade %s %s%c",
973.  			!spec_dbon_applies ? "hits" :
974.  			(mdef->data == &mons[PM_WATER_ELEMENTAL]) ?
975.  			"vaporizes part of" : "burns",
976.  			hittee, !spec_dbon_applies ? '.' : '!');
977.  	    if (!rn2(4)) (void) destroy_mitem(mdef, POTION_CLASS, AD_FIRE);
978.  	    if (!rn2(4)) (void) destroy_mitem(mdef, SCROLL_CLASS, AD_FIRE);
979.  	    if (!rn2(7)) (void) destroy_mitem(mdef, SPBOOK_CLASS, AD_FIRE);
980.  	    if (youdefend && Slimed) burn_away_slime();
981.  	    return realizes_damage;
982.  	}
983.  	if (attacks(AD_COLD, otmp)) {
984.  	    if (realizes_damage)
985.  		pline_The("ice-cold blade %s %s%c",
986.  			!spec_dbon_applies ? "hits" : "freezes",
987.  			hittee, !spec_dbon_applies ? '.' : '!');
988.  	    if (!rn2(4)) (void) destroy_mitem(mdef, POTION_CLASS, AD_COLD);
989.  	    return realizes_damage;
990.  	}
991.  	if (attacks(AD_ELEC, otmp)) {
992.  	    if (realizes_damage)
993.  		pline_The("massive hammer hits%s %s%c",
994.  			  !spec_dbon_applies ? "" : "!  Lightning strikes",
995.  			  hittee, !spec_dbon_applies ? '.' : '!');
996.  	    if (!rn2(5)) (void) destroy_mitem(mdef, RING_CLASS, AD_ELEC);
997.  	    if (!rn2(5)) (void) destroy_mitem(mdef, WAND_CLASS, AD_ELEC);
998.  	    return realizes_damage;
999.  	}
1000. 	if (attacks(AD_MAGM, otmp)) {
1001. 	    if (realizes_damage)
1002. 		pline_The("imaginary widget hits%s %s%c",
1003. 			  !spec_dbon_applies ? "" :
1004. 				"!  A hail of magic missiles strikes",
1005. 			  hittee, !spec_dbon_applies ? '.' : '!');
1006. 	    return realizes_damage;
1007. 	}
1008. 
1009. 	if (attacks(AD_STUN, otmp) && dieroll <= MB_MAX_DIEROLL) {
1010. 	    /* Magicbane's special attacks (possibly modifies hittee[]) */
1011. 	    return Mb_hit(magr, mdef, otmp, dmgptr, dieroll, vis, hittee);
1012. 	}
1013. 
1014. 	if (!spec_dbon_applies) {
1015. 	    /* since damage bonus didn't apply, nothing more to do;  
1016. 	       no further attacks have side-effects on inventory */
1017. 	    return FALSE;
1018. 	}
1019. 
1020. 	/* We really want "on a natural 20" but Nethack does it in */
1021. 	/* reverse from AD&D. */
1022. 	if (spec_ability(otmp, SPFX_BEHEAD)) {
1023. 	    if (otmp->oartifact == ART_TSURUGI_OF_MURAMASA && dieroll == 1) {
1024. 		wepdesc = "The razor-sharp blade";
1025. 		/* not really beheading, but so close, why add another SPFX */
1026. 		if (youattack && u.uswallow && mdef == u.ustuck) {
1027. 		    You("slice %s wide open!", mon_nam(mdef));
1028. 		    *dmgptr = 2 * mdef->mhp + FATAL_DAMAGE_MODIFIER;
1029. 		    return TRUE;
1030. 		}
1031. 		if (!youdefend) {
1032. 			/* allow normal cutworm() call to add extra damage */
1033. 			if(notonhead)
1034. 			    return FALSE;
1035. 
1036. 			if (bigmonst(mdef->data)) {
1037. 				if (youattack)
1038. 					You("slice deeply into %s!",
1039. 						mon_nam(mdef));
1040. 				else if (vis)
1041. 					pline("%s cuts deeply into %s!",
1042. 					      Monnam(magr), hittee);
1043. 				*dmgptr *= 2;
1044. 				return TRUE;
1045. 			}
1046. 			*dmgptr = 2 * mdef->mhp + FATAL_DAMAGE_MODIFIER;
1047. 			pline("%s cuts %s in half!", wepdesc, mon_nam(mdef));
1048. 			otmp->dknown = TRUE;
1049. 			return TRUE;
1050. 		} else {
1051. 			if (bigmonst(youmonst.data)) {
1052. 				pline("%s cuts deeply into you!",
1053. 				      magr ? Monnam(magr) : wepdesc);
1054. 				*dmgptr *= 2;
1055. 				return TRUE;
1056. 			}
1057. 
1058. 			/* Players with negative AC's take less damage instead
1059. 			 * of just not getting hit.  We must add a large enough
1060. 			 * value to the damage so that this reduction in
1061. 			 * damage does not prevent death.
1062. 			 */
1063. 			*dmgptr = 2 * (Upolyd ? u.mh : u.uhp) + FATAL_DAMAGE_MODIFIER;
1064. 			pline("%s cuts you in half!", wepdesc);
1065. 			otmp->dknown = TRUE;
1066. 			return TRUE;
1067. 		}
1068. 	    } else if (otmp->oartifact == ART_VORPAL_BLADE &&
1069. 			(dieroll == 1 || mdef->data == &mons[PM_JABBERWOCK])) {
1070. 		static const char * const behead_msg[2] = {
1071. 		     "%s beheads %s!",
1072. 		     "%s decapitates %s!"
1073. 		};
1074. 
1075. 		if (youattack && u.uswallow && mdef == u.ustuck)
1076. 			return FALSE;
1077. 		wepdesc = artilist[ART_VORPAL_BLADE].name;
1078. 		if (!youdefend) {
1079. 			if (!has_head(mdef->data) || notonhead || u.uswallow) {
1080. 				if (youattack)
1081. 					pline("Somehow, you miss %s wildly.",
1082. 						mon_nam(mdef));
1083. 				else if (vis)
1084. 					pline("Somehow, %s misses wildly.",
1085. 						mon_nam(magr));
1086. 				*dmgptr = 0;
1087. 				return ((boolean)(youattack || vis));
1088. 			}
1089. 			if (noncorporeal(mdef->data) || amorphous(mdef->data)) {
1090. 				pline("%s slices through %s %s.", wepdesc,
1091. 				      s_suffix(mon_nam(mdef)),
1092. 				      mbodypart(mdef,NECK));
1093. 				return TRUE;
1094. 			}
1095. 			*dmgptr = 2 * mdef->mhp + FATAL_DAMAGE_MODIFIER;
1096. 			pline(behead_msg[rn2(SIZE(behead_msg))],
1097. 			      wepdesc, mon_nam(mdef));
1098. 			otmp->dknown = TRUE;
1099. 			return TRUE;
1100. 		} else {
1101. 			if (!has_head(youmonst.data)) {
1102. 				pline("Somehow, %s misses you wildly.",
1103. 				      magr ? mon_nam(magr) : wepdesc);
1104. 				*dmgptr = 0;
1105. 				return TRUE;
1106. 			}
1107. 			if (noncorporeal(youmonst.data) || amorphous(youmonst.data)) {
1108. 				pline("%s slices through your %s.",
1109. 				      wepdesc, body_part(NECK));
1110. 				return TRUE;
1111. 			}
1112. 			*dmgptr = 2 * (Upolyd ? u.mh : u.uhp)
1113. 				  + FATAL_DAMAGE_MODIFIER;
1114. 			pline(behead_msg[rn2(SIZE(behead_msg))],
1115. 			      wepdesc, "you");
1116. 			otmp->dknown = TRUE;
1117. 			/* Should amulets fall off? */
1118. 			return TRUE;
1119. 		}
1120. 	    }
1121. 	}
1122. 	if (spec_ability(otmp, SPFX_DRLI)) {
1123. 		if (!youdefend) {
1124. 			if (vis) {
1125. 			    if(otmp->oartifact == ART_STORMBRINGER)
1126. 				pline_The("%s blade draws the life from %s!",
1127. 				      hcolor(NH_BLACK),
1128. 				      mon_nam(mdef));
1129. 			    else
1130. 				pline("%s draws the life from %s!",
1131. 				      The(distant_name(otmp, xname)),
1132. 				      mon_nam(mdef));
1133. 			}
1134. 			if (mdef->m_lev == 0) {
1135. 			    *dmgptr = 2 * mdef->mhp + FATAL_DAMAGE_MODIFIER;
1136. 			} else {
1137. 			    int drain = rnd(8);
1138. 			    *dmgptr += drain;
1139. 			    mdef->mhpmax -= drain;
1140. 			    mdef->m_lev--;
1141. 			    drain /= 2;
1142. 			    if (drain) healup(drain, 0, FALSE, FALSE);
1143. 			}
1144. 			return vis;
1145. 		} else { /* youdefend */
1146. 			int oldhpmax = u.uhpmax;
1147. 
1148. 			if (Blind)
1149. 				You_feel("an %s drain your life!",
1150. 				    otmp->oartifact == ART_STORMBRINGER ?
1151. 				    "unholy blade" : "object");
1152. 			else if (otmp->oartifact == ART_STORMBRINGER)
1153. 				pline_The("%s blade drains your life!",
1154. 				      hcolor(NH_BLACK));
1155. 			else
1156. 				pline("%s drains your life!",
1157. 				      The(distant_name(otmp, xname)));
1158. 			losexp("life drainage");
1159. 			if (magr && magr->mhp < magr->mhpmax) {
1160. 			    magr->mhp += (oldhpmax - u.uhpmax)/2;
1161. 			    if (magr->mhp > magr->mhpmax) magr->mhp = magr->mhpmax;
1162. 			}
1163. 			return TRUE;
1164. 		}
1165. 	}
1166. 	return FALSE;
1167. }
1168. 

doinvoke Edit

The doinvoke function in artifact.c handles the #invoke extended command (cmd.c#line1485) and the M-i keypress (cmd.c#line1402). This function puts up a menu to ask which object to invoke.

1169. static NEARDATA const char recharge_type[] = { ALLOW_COUNT, ALL_CLASSES, 0 };
1170. static NEARDATA const char invoke_types[] = { ALL_CLASSES, 0 };
1171. 		/* #invoke: an "ugly check" filters out most objects */
1172. 

The invoke_types constant declared on line 1170 specifies that all classes of objects will appear in the menu. Thus in the game, you can attempt to #invoke any object. If you do not know that invoke is meant for certain artifacts, then you can waste much effort in the game in unsuccessful attempts to invoke something. (The recharge_type declaration on line 1169 is used later in the arti_invoke function to implement the Platinum Yendorian Express Card, which recharges objects when you #invoke it.)

1173. int
1174. doinvoke()
1175. {
1176.     register struct obj *obj;
1177. 
1178.     obj = getobj(invoke_types, "invoke");

The doinvoke function itself declares *obj to be the object, and calls getobj to ask the user which object to invoke.

1179.     if (!obj) return 0;
1180.     if (obj->oartifact && !touch_artifact(obj, &youmonst)) return 1;

Line 1179 checks if the user escaped from the menu without actually selecting an object. Line 1180 enforces that a player must touch the artifact to #invoke it. If the object is actually an artifact, line 1180 causes the player to touch it. If the artifact "evades your grasp" (#line550) then the function returns.

1181.     return arti_invoke(obj);
1182. }
1183. 

If we pass both checks, then we call arti_invoke to actually attempt to invoke the object (which at this point could be any object from the inventory).

arti_invoke Edit

The doinvoke function calls the arti_invoke function, passing the object to invoke. At this point, we do not know if obj is an artifact, but if it is an artifact than the player has already touched it and (whether or not it blasted the player) it has not evaded the player's grasp.

1184. STATIC_OVL int
1185. arti_invoke(obj)
1186.     register struct obj *obj;
1187. {
1188.     register const struct artifact *oart = get_artifact(obj);
1189. 

Because this is the top of a new function, we can declare a new variable: struct artifact *oart to describe what this artifact does. In particular, oart->inv_prop is the invocation property that tells us what to do. You can find invocation properties by looking in artilist.h.

1190.     if(!oart || !oart->inv_prop) {
1191. 	if(obj->otyp == CRYSTAL_BALL)
1192. 	    use_crystal_ball(obj);
1193. 	else
1194. 	    pline(nothing_happens);
1195. 	return 1;
1196.     }
1197. 

If the object is not an artifact, or if it is an artifact that does nott have an invocation property, then "nothing happens". The only exception is the crystal ball. For a crystall ball, we call use_crystal_ball at detect.c#line789, exactly as if the player had applied the thing instead of invoking it.

Invoking special powers Edit

As it is, there are two types of invocation property. The crucial difference is whether or not the property is a special power. In the header files, most properties appear in prop.h#line8. They include such things as fire resistance, levitation, water walking, and life saving. Artifacts can provide properties when you carry them, when you wield them, or as the invocation property, in which case you can #invoke to enable or disable the property. Special powers appear in artifact.h#line54. You can only use them by #invoking the correct artifact.

The giant if statement starting at line 1198 handles special powers. If the property is not a special power, then we skip to #line1353.

1198.     if(oart->inv_prop > LAST_PROP) {
1199. 	/* It's a special power, not "just" a property */
1200. 	if(obj->age > monstermoves) {
1201. 	    /* the artifact is tired :-) */
1202. 	    You_feel("that %s %s ignoring you.",
1203. 		     the(xname(obj)), otense(obj, "are"));
1204. 	    /* and just got more so; patience is essential... */
1205. 	    obj->age += (long) d(3,10);
1206. 	    return 1;
1207. 	}
1208. 	obj->age = monstermoves + rnz(100);
1209. 

"You feel that" the artifact "is ignoring you", and the function returns, if the player invokes a tired artifact. Otherwise, we tire the artifact for an average of 100 turns and pass control to the next statement, which switches on the specific special property.

1210. 	switch(oart->inv_prop) {
1211. 	case TAMING: {
1212. 	    struct obj pseudo;
1213. 
1214. 	    pseudo = zeroobj;	/* neither cursed nor blessed */
1215. 	    pseudo.otyp = SCR_TAMING;
1216. 	    (void) seffects(&pseudo);
1217. 	    break;
1218. 	  }

TAMING is the special power of the Palantir of Westernesse. As it happens, the Palantir no longer exists in the game. Thus though this is an example of how to implement a special power, this code will never actually run.

TAMING behaves exactly like an uncursed scroll of taming. The hack here is that we declare a pseudo object to act as the scroll, then pass control to seffects in read.c#line646.

1219. 	case HEALING: {
1220. 	    int healamt = (u.uhpmax + 1 - u.uhp) / 2;
1221. 	    long creamed = (long)u.ucreamed;
1222. 
1223. 	    if (Upolyd) healamt = (u.mhmax + 1 - u.mh) / 2;
1224. 	    if (healamt || Sick || Slimed || Blinded > creamed)
1225. 		You_feel("better.");
1226. 	    else
1227. 		goto nothing_special;
1228. 	    if (healamt > 0) {
1229. 		if (Upolyd) u.mh += healamt;
1230. 		else u.uhp += healamt;
1231. 	    }
1232. 	    if(Sick) make_sick(0L,(char *)0,FALSE,SICK_ALL);
1233. 	    if(Slimed) Slimed = 0L;
1234. 	    if (Blinded > creamed) make_blinded(creamed, FALSE);
1235. 	    flags.botl = 1;
1236. 	    break;
1237. 	  }

HEALING is the special power of the the Staff of Aesculapius. Line 1220 (or 1223 if you are polymorphed) gives the formula for computing the amount of to heal. The code also cures sickness and slime, but it trying to unblind you it is careful to not #wipe any cream pie.

The goto on line 1227 jumps to #line1373. The nothing_special label handles when the invocation seems to do nothing; in this case nothing happens if you are already healthy.

1238. 	case ENERGY_BOOST: {
1239. 	    int epboost = (u.uenmax + 1 - u.uen) / 2;
1240. 	    if (epboost > 120) epboost = 120;		/* arbitrary */
1241. 	    else if (epboost < 12) epboost = u.uenmax - u.uen;
1242. 	    if(epboost) {
1243. 		You_feel("re-energized.");
1244. 		u.uen += epboost;
1245. 		flags.botl = 1;
1246. 	    } else
1247. 		goto nothing_special;
1248. 	    break;
1249. 	  }

ENERGY_BOOST is the special power of the Mitre of Holiness. It restores power instead of healing you. The formula is on line 1239.

1250. 	case UNTRAP: {
1251. 	    if(!untrap(TRUE)) {
1252. 		obj->age = 0; /* don't charge for changing their mind */
1253. 		return 0;
1254. 	    }
1255. 	    break;
1256. 	  }

UNTRAP is the special power of the Master Key of Thievery. Control passes to the untrap function trap.c#line3395. This is the same function used by the #untrap command, the difference being that #untrap calls untrap(FALSE). Thus the Master Key of Thievery can sometimes force the untrapping to succeed in cases where the #untrap command might fail.

1257. 	case CHARGE_OBJ: {
1258. 	    struct obj *otmp = getobj(recharge_type, "charge");
1259. 	    boolean b_effect;
1260. 
1261. 	    if (!otmp) {
1262. 		obj->age = 0;
1263. 		return 0;
1264. 	    }
1265. 	    b_effect = obj->blessed &&
1266. 		(Role_switch == oart->role || !oart->role);
1267. 	    recharge(otmp, b_effect ? 1 : obj->cursed ? -1 : 0);
1268. 	    update_inventory();
1269. 	    break;
1270. 	  }

CHARGE_OBJ is the special power of the Platinum Yendorian Express Card. Now we put up a menu asking for any object to charge. Nothing happens (and the PYEC does not become tired) if the player escapes without choosing an object. Otherwise, the selected object (otmp) is charged by calling recharge(), exactly like when reading a scroll of charging.

The type of charging done depends not only on the BUC status of the artifact being invoked , but also on the role of the player, which must match the designated role of the artifact (Tourist for the PYEC) for blessed charging to be possible. Interestingly, the code also explicitly allows blessed charging using artifacts that have no designated role, even though no such artifacts currently exist in the game.

1271. 	case LEV_TELE:
1272. 	    level_tele();
1273. 	    break;

LEV_TELE or level teleportation is the special power of the Orb of Fate. We call level_tele at teleport.c#line563.

1274. 	case CREATE_PORTAL: {
1275. 	    int i, num_ok_dungeons, last_ok_dungeon = 0;
1276. 	    d_level newlev;
1277. 	    extern int n_dgns; /* from dungeon.c */
1278. 	    winid tmpwin = create_nhwindow(NHW_MENU);
1279. 	    anything any;
1280. 
1281. 	    any.a_void = 0;	/* set all bits to zero */
1282. 	    start_menu(tmpwin);
1283. 	    /* use index+1 (cant use 0) as identifier */
1284. 	    for (i = num_ok_dungeons = 0; i < n_dgns; i++) {
1285. 		if (!dungeons[i].dunlev_ureached) continue;
1286. 		any.a_int = i+1;
1287. 		add_menu(tmpwin, NO_GLYPH, &any, 0, 0, ATR_NONE,
1288. 			 dungeons[i].dname, MENU_UNSELECTED);
1289. 		num_ok_dungeons++;
1290. 		last_ok_dungeon = i;
1291. 	    }
1292. 	    end_menu(tmpwin, "Open a portal to which dungeon?");
1293. 	    if (num_ok_dungeons > 1) {
1294. 		/* more than one entry; display menu for choices */
1295. 		menu_item *selected;
1296. 		int n;
1297. 
1298. 		n = select_menu(tmpwin, PICK_ONE, &selected);
1299. 		if (n <= 0) {
1300. 		    destroy_nhwindow(tmpwin);
1301. 		    goto nothing_special;
1302. 		}
1303. 		i = selected[0].item.a_int - 1;
1304. 		free((genericptr_t)selected);
1305. 	    } else
1306. 		i = last_ok_dungeon;	/* also first & only OK dungeon */
1307. 	    destroy_nhwindow(tmpwin);
1308. 
1309. 	    /*
1310. 	     * i is now index into dungeon structure for the new dungeon.
1311. 	     * Find the closest level in the given dungeon, open
1312. 	     * a use-once portal to that dungeon and go there.
1313. 	     * The closest level is either the entry or dunlev_ureached.
1314. 	     */
1315. 	    newlev.dnum = i;
1316. 	    if(dungeons[i].depth_start >= depth(&u.uz))
1317. 		newlev.dlevel = dungeons[i].entry_lev;
1318. 	    else
1319. 		newlev.dlevel = dungeons[i].dunlev_ureached;
1320. 	    if(u.uhave.amulet || In_endgame(&u.uz) || In_endgame(&newlev) ||
1321. 	       newlev.dnum == u.uz.dnum) {
1322. 		You_feel("very disoriented for a moment.");
1323. 	    } else {
1324. 		if(!Blind) You("are surrounded by a shimmering sphere!");
1325. 		else You_feel("weightless for a moment.");
1326. 		goto_level(&newlev, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE);
1327. 	    }
1328. 	    break;
1329. 	  }

CREATE_PORTAL is the special power of the Eye of the Aethiopica. The code all appears here because there is no other way to branchport in NetHack.

1330. 	case ENLIGHTENING:
1331. 	    enlightenment(0);
1332. 	    break;

ENLIGHTENING is the special power of the Eyes of the Overworld. Control passes to the enlightenment function of cmd.c#line829. The 0 simply means that the game is not over yet.

1333. 	case CREATE_AMMO: {
1334. 	    struct obj *otmp = mksobj(ARROW, TRUE, FALSE);
1335. 
1336. 	    if (!otmp) goto nothing_special;
1337. 	    otmp->blessed = obj->blessed;
1338. 	    otmp->cursed = obj->cursed;
1339. 	    otmp->bknown = obj->bknown;
1340. 	    if (obj->blessed) {
1341. 		if (otmp->spe < 0) otmp->spe = 0;
1342. 		otmp->quan += rnd(10);
1343. 	    } else if (obj->cursed) {
1344. 		if (otmp->spe > 0) otmp->spe = 0;
1345. 	    } else
1346. 		otmp->quan += rnd(5);
1347. 	    otmp->owt = weight(otmp);
1348. 	    otmp = hold_another_object(otmp, "Suddenly %s out.",
1349. 				       aobjnam(otmp, "fall"), (const char *)0);
1350. 	    break;
1351. 	  }
1352. 	}

CREATE_AMMO is the special power of the Longbow of Diana. It calls mksobj() to create a stack of random arrows. The arrows are given the same BUC status as the artifact that created them, and their enchantment is adjusted to ensure that no blessed negatively enchanted or cursed positively enchanted arrows are produced. The size of the stack is also randomly increased by up to 10 (if blessed) or 5 (if uncursed) arrows. If possible, the arrows are silently put in your inventory, but they will "suddenly fall out" if your inventory is full.

Invoking properties that toggle Edit

1353.     } else {
1354. 	long eprop = (u.uprops[oart->inv_prop].extrinsic ^= W_ARTI),
1355. 	     iprop = u.uprops[oart->inv_prop].intrinsic;
1356. 	boolean on = (eprop & W_ARTI) != 0; /* true if invoked prop just set */
1357. 
1358. 	if(on && obj->age > monstermoves) {
1359. 	    /* the artifact is tired :-) */
1360. 	    u.uprops[oart->inv_prop].extrinsic ^= W_ARTI;
1361. 	    You_feel("that %s %s ignoring you.",
1362. 		     the(xname(obj)), otense(obj, "are"));
1363. 	    /* can't just keep repeatedly trying */
1364. 	    obj->age += (long) d(3,10);
1365. 	    return 1;
1366. 	} else if(!on) {
1367. 	    /* when turning off property, determine downtime */
1368. 	    /* arbitrary for now until we can tune this -dlc */
1369. 	    obj->age = monstermoves + rnz(100);
1370. 	}
1371. 
1372. 	if ((eprop & ~W_ARTI) || iprop) {
1373. nothing_special:
1374. 	    /* you had the property from some other source too */
1375. 	    if (carried(obj))
1376. 		You_feel("a surge of power, but nothing seems to happen.");
1377. 	    return 1;
1378. 	}
1379. 	switch(oart->inv_prop) {
1380. 	case CONFLICT:
1381. 	    if(on) You_feel("like a rabble-rouser.");
1382. 	    else You_feel("the tension decrease around you.");
1383. 	    break;
1384. 	case LEVITATION:
1385. 	    if(on) {
1386. 		float_up();
1387. 		spoteffects(FALSE);
1388. 	    } else (void) float_down(I_SPECIAL|TIMEOUT, W_ARTI);
1389. 	    break;
1390. 	case INVIS:
1391. 	    if (BInvis || Blind) goto nothing_special;
1392. 	    newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
1393. 	    if (on)
1394. 		Your("body takes on a %s transparency...",
1395. 		     Hallucination ? "normal" : "strange");
1396. 	    else
1397. 		Your("body seems to unfade...");
1398. 	    break;
1399. 	}
1400.     }
1401. 
1402.     return 1;
1403. }
1404. 
1405. 

artifact_light Edit

1406. /* WAC return TRUE if artifact is always lit */
1407. boolean
1408. artifact_light(obj)
1409.     struct obj *obj;
1410. {
1411.     return (get_artifact(obj) && obj->oartifact == ART_SUNSWORD);
1412. }
1413. 
1414. /* KMH -- Talking artifacts are finally implemented */
1415. void
1416. arti_speak(obj)
1417.     struct obj *obj;
1418. {
1419. 	register const struct artifact *oart = get_artifact(obj);
1420. 	const char *line;
1421. 	char buf[BUFSZ];
1422. 
1423. 
1424. 	/* Is this a speaking artifact? */
1425. 	if (!oart || !(oart->spfx & SPFX_SPEAK))
1426. 		return;
1427. 
1428. 	line = getrumor(bcsign(obj), buf, TRUE);
1429. 	if (!*line)
1430. 		line = "NetHack rumors file closed for renovation.";
1431. 	pline("%s:", Tobjnam(obj, "whisper"));
1432. 	verbalize("%s", line);
1433. 	return;
1434. }
1435. 

artifact_has_invprop Edit

1436. boolean
1437. artifact_has_invprop(otmp, inv_prop)
1438. struct obj *otmp;
1439. uchar inv_prop;
1440. {
1441. 	const struct artifact *arti = get_artifact(otmp);
1442. 
1443. 	return((boolean)(arti && (arti->inv_prop == inv_prop)));
1444. }
1445. 

arti_cost Edit

1446. /* Return the price sold to the hero of a given artifact or unique item */
1447. long
1448. arti_cost(otmp)
1449. struct obj *otmp;
1450. {
1451. 	if (!otmp->oartifact)
1452. 	    return ((long)objects[otmp->otyp].oc_cost);
1453. 	else if (artilist[(int) otmp->oartifact].cost)
1454. 	    return (artilist[(int) otmp->oartifact].cost);
1455. 	else
1456. 	    return (100L * (long)objects[otmp->otyp].oc_cost);
1457. }
1458. 
1459. #endif /* OVLB */
1460. 
1461. /*artifact.c*/

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